Past perfect rules, examples

Past perfect

Past Perfect rules

had + past participle (3rd form)

Examples for regular verbs ending -ed:  look - looked, watch - watched.

Some verbs are not regular. You have to learn them by heart.

Past participle irregular verbs

arisen, awoken, been, borne, beaten or beat, become, begun, bent, bet, bitten, blown, broken, brought, built, burned or burnt, burst, bought, caught, chosen, clung, come, cost,  cut, dealt, dug, done, drawn, dreamed or dreamt, drunk, driven, eaten, fallen, fed, felt, fought, found, flown, forbidden, forgotten, forgiven, frozen, gotten or got, given, gone, ground, grown, had, heard, hidden, hit, held, hur,t kept, known, laid, led, left, lent, let, lain,  lost, made, meant, me,t paid, put, quit, read, ridden, rung, risen, run, said, seen, sold, sent, set, shaken, shone or shined, shot, shown, shrunk, shut, sung, sunk, sat, slept, slid, spoken, spent, split, spread, sprung, stood, stolen, struck, sworn, swept, swum, taken, taught, torn, told, thought, thrown, understood, upset, woken, worn, woven, won, wound, written.

I had done the homework.
You had done the homework.
He/She had done the homework.
We had done the homework.
You had done the homework.
They had done the homework.

Use of the past perfect

Past Perfect expresses: Something happened before another action in the past or something happened before a specific time in the past.

He had worked hard before he became ill.
They had talked to the teacher before they left the school.

Past perfect signal words

Signal words: after, before, when.

Examples past perfect signal words:

I had eaten my breakfast before I went to school.
Before we read the book, we had bought the book.
We did our homework after we had seen a film.
After he had sent an email, he got an answer.
When he left school, he had learned for years.
When she arrived in London, she had waited for hours.

Past perfect questions

had + subject + past participle


I had eaten oranges. Had I eaten oranges?
We had done our homework. Had we done our homework?
He had lived in London 2011. Had he lived in London 2011?

Past perfect negative

had + not / n't past participle (3rd form)


I had eaten oranges. I had not eaten oranges. (long form)
He had lived in Birmingham. He hadn't lived in Birmingham. (short form)

Past Perfect - to be

positive negative
long form short form
had been
had been
had been
had been
had been
had been
had nott been
had not been
had not been
had not been
had not been
had not been
hadn't been
hadn't been
hadn't been
hadn't been
hadn't been
hadn't been


01 Past Perfect rules
02 Past Perfect exercises
03 Past Perfect examples
04 The use
05 Past Perfect regular verbs
06 Past Perfect irregular verbs
07 Sentences
08 Word order
09 Word order
10 Word order

Past perfect questions

11 Past Perfect questions
12 Questions exercises
13 Questions exercise
14 Past Perfect questions
15 Questions irregular verbs
16 Word order in Questions
17 Past Perfect word order
18 Word order Past Perfect


19 Past Perfect negative
20 Past Perfect negative exercises
21 Negatives regular verbs
22 Negative sentences
23 Past Perfect negative form

Past perfect examples

Past perfect with explanations, examples and exercises. Change the following sentences into Past perfect and learn with English online exercises.

Free tutorial Past perfect. English Past perfect exercises. English grammar easy to learn. Ejercicios en linea ingles. Exercicios das aulas de
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